The UK's national HPV immunisation programme was introduced into schools in 2008. The vaccine is free for all girls aged 11–17 in Scotland and 12–17 in the rest of the UK (up until their 18th birthday), but only girls aged 11–13 in Scotland and 12–13 in the rest of the UK will be routinely offered the vaccine. Girls are normally offered the vaccine in school, but it is also possible to obtain the vaccines via a local GP surgery. If you are under 18 and have not been offered the vaccine please contact your GP for further advice.
The NHS immunisation programme used Cervarix for the first four years of the programme, but from September 2012 this was changed to Gardasil. The vaccines are over 98% effective in preventing cervical abnormalities associated with HPV 16 and 18 in women who have both (or all three) doses and in those who have not yet been infected with HPV . However, while the vaccine can prevent against reinfection and contracting a different types of HPV, it has no effect on existing infections.
Boys are currently not included in the NHS vaccination scheme; however, the JCVI is currently assessing whether the vaccination program should be extended to include all men who have sex with me (MSM) aged 16–40 to combat the fact that they are currently not protected . A decision on extending the immunisation programme to include boys may be made later in 2015.
More information on the NHS HPV vaccination programmes can be found below:
- England: http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/HPV-vaccination/Pages/Introduction.aspx
- Scotland: http://www.immunisationscotland.org.uk/vaccines-and-diseases/hpv.aspx
- Wales: http://new.wales.gov.uk/beatingcervicalcancer/home/?lang=en
- Northern Ireland: http://www.helpprotectyourself.info/
If you are not eligible for the free vaccine you can pay for it privately. Some local chemists are also offering the vaccine. Check with your pharmacist to see if the vaccine is available near you.
- Paavonen J et al., 2009. Efficacy of human papillomavirus (HPV)-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine against cervical infection and precancer caused by oncogenic HPV types (PATRICIA): final analysis of a double-blind, randomised study in young women. The Lancet 374 (9686), 301–314.
- Szarewski A, 2012. Cervarix®: a bivalent vaccine against HPV types 16 and 18, with cross-protection against other high-risk HPV types. Expert Review of Vaccines 11 (6), 645–657.
- Dillner J et al., 2010. Four year efficacy of prophylactic human papillomavirus quadrivalent vaccine against low grade cervical, vulvar, and vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia and anogenital warts: randomised controlled trial. British Medical Journal 341: c3493.
- Kjaer S et al., 2009. A pooled analysis of continued prophylactic efficacy of quadrivalent human papillomavirus (Types 6/11/16/18) vaccine against high-grade cervical and external genital lesions. Cancer Prevention Research 2 (10), 868-878.
- Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation, 2014. JCVI interim position statement on HPV vaccination of men who have sex with men (MSM). https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/fil.... Accessed: 19.05.2015.