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Waiting for cervical screening (smear test) results may make you feel anxious. Most of us will have clear results, and about 1 in 20 will have an abnormal result.
It is extremely rare for cervical cancer to be diagnosed from cervical screening. Only about 1 in 2,000 (less than 1%) people with an abnormal cervical screening result will have cervical cancer.
We are here if you need some support while waiting for or when you get your results. You can call our Helpline on 0808 802 8000, join our online forum, or use our Ask the Expert service for any medical questions you have.
You should get your cervical screening (smear test) results within 2 weeks after your test, but it can take longer. The time between having cervical screening and getting your results can also vary depending on where you live. At your appointment, ask your nurse how long it will take to get your results and how you will get them.
Getting your results early or later does not affect what the result is, so try not to worry. If you are concerned, speak with your GP or call our Helpline on 0808 802 8000.
You should always get your results letter in the post. If you don’t get a letter within the timeframe your GP surgery gave you, ring them.
If your sample needed further investigation or you need more tests, the hospital may contact you with your results.
This depends on where you live and what type of testing is being done on your sample.
If you live in an area where your sample is looked at for cell changes (cytology):
A normal result means your sample was looked at for changes to the cells (dyskaryosis) and it wasn't found. You will usually be invited for cervical screening again in 3 or 5 years, depending on your age.
You may need to repeat the test after 3 months because the first one couldn’t be read properly. This may be because the sample didn’t have enough cells, the cells couldn’t be seen clearly or there was an infection.
An abnormal result may show borderline or low-grade cell changes (dyskaryosis). These changes are very close to being normal and may disappear without treatment. In some areas of England and in Northern Ireland, your same sample will be tested for high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) if these changes are seen. Your letter will tell you what to do:
An abnormal result may show high-grade (moderate or severe) dyskaryosis. This means you will be invited to colposcopy, where an expert will take a closer look at your cervix.
If you live in an area where your sample is first tested for high-risk HPV:
This means that a true result could not be given. Usually you need to have the test repeated after three months.
If you don’t have high-risk HPV, your sample won’t be tested for cell changes as it is very unlikely you would have or develop them. You will be invited for cervical screening again in 3 or 5 years, depending on your age.
You usually you need to repeat the test after 3 months because the first one couldn’t be read properly. This may be because the sample didn’t have enough cells, or the cells could not be properly seen.
Your immune system usually gets rid of HPV. You will be invited for cervical screening again in 1 year, to check that the HPV is gone.
If you have 3 HPV positive results in a row, you will be invited to colposcopy.
Changes to the cells may be:
If you have any grade of cell changes and HPV, you will be invited to colposcopy. This is where an expert takes a closer look at your cervix.
As HPV primary testing is introduced across the UK, you may get different results to one you have had previously or results you do not understand. It's common to feel like this and we can help. Call our Helpline on 0808 802 8000 or join our online forum to talk with other people of screening age.
If you have clinical questions about your results, our Ask the Expert service may be able to help. Remember, our experts cannot give advice on your individual situation as they are not your doctor.